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10 Steps to Your Pet’s Dental Health

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It is imperative to have your pet’s teeth checked by your veterinarian at least once per year.

Did you know that regularly brushing your pet’s teeth and providing their mouth with a healthy diet and plenty of chew toys can go a long way toward keeping her mouth healthy? Many pet’s show signs of gum disease by the time they’re four years old because they aren’t provided with proper mouth care—and bad breath is often the first sign of a problem. Give your pet regular home checks and follow the tips below, and you’ll have a very contented animal with a dazzling smile.

1. The Breath Test

Sniff your pet’s breath. Not a field of lilies? That’s okay—normal pet’s breath isn’t particularly fresh-smelling. However, if their breath is especially offensive and is accompanied by a loss of appetite, vomiting or excessive drinking or urinating, it’s a good idea to take your animal to the vet.

2. Lip Service

Once a week, with your pet facing you, lift their gums and examine their gums and teeth. The gums should be pink, not white or red, and should show no signs of swelling. Their teeth should be clean, without any brownish tartar.

3. Signs of Oral Disease

The following are signs that your pet may have a problem in their mouth or gastrointestinal system and should be checked by a veterinarian:

  • Bad breath
  • Excessive drooling
  • Inflamed gums
  • Tumors in the gums
  • Cysts under the tongue
  • Loose teeth

4. The Lowdown on Tooth Decay

Bacteria and plaque-forming foods can cause build-up on a pet’s teeth. This can harden into tartar, possibly causing gingivitis, receding gums and tooth loss. One solution? Regular teeth cleanings, along with annual exams from your veterinarian.

5. Canine Tooth-Brushing Kit

Get yourself a toothbrush made especially for pets or a clean piece of soft gauze to wrap around your finger. Ask your vet for a toothpaste made especially for animals or make a paste out of baking soda and water. Never use fluoride with pets under six months of age—it can interfere with their enamel formation. Please do not use human toothpaste, which can irritate a pet’s stomach. Special mouthwash for pets is also available—ask your vet.

6. Brightening the Pearly Whites

Taking these steps will make brushing a lot easier for the both of you:

First get your pet used to the idea of having her teeth brushed. Massage the lips with your finger in a circular motion for 30 to 60 seconds once or twice a day for a few weeks. Then move on to her teeth and gums. When your pet seems comfortable being touched this way, put a little bit of pet-formulated toothpaste or a paste of baking soda and water on her lips to get her used to the taste.

Next, introduce a toothbrush designed especially for pets—it should be smaller than a human toothbrush and have softer bristles. Toothbrushes that you can wear over your finger (or a clean piece of gauze) are also available and allow you to give a nice massage to your pet’s gums.

Finally, apply the toothpaste to her teeth for a gentle brushing, as in step 7. A veterinary exam beforehand may be helpful to find out if your pet’s gums are inflamed. If your pet has mild gingivitis, brushing too hard can hurt her gums.

7. Brushing Technique

Yes, there is actually a technique! Place the brush or your gauze-wrapped finger at a 45-degree angle to the teeth and clean in small, circular motions. Work on one area of your pet’s mouth at a time, lifting the lip as necessary. The side of the tooth that touches the cheek usually has the most tartar, and giving a final downward stroke can help to remove it. If your pet resists having the inner surfaces of their teeth cleaned, don’t fight it—only a small amount of tartar accumulates there. Once you get the technique down, go for a brushing two or three times a week.

8. Know Your Mouth Disorders

Getting familiar with the possible mouth problems your pet may encounter will help you determine when it’s time to see a vet about treatment:

Periodontal disease is a painful infection between the tooth and the gum that can result in tooth loss and spread infection to the rest of the body. Signs are loose teeth, bad breath, tooth pain, sneezing and nasal discharge.

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums caused mainly by accumulation of plaque, tartar and disease-producing bacteria above and below the gum line. Signs include bleeding, red, swollen gums and bad breath. It is reversible with regular teeth cleanings.

Halitosis—or bad breath—can be the first sign of a mouth problem and is caused by bacteria growing from food particles caught between the teeth or by gum infection. Regular tooth-brushings are a great solution.

Swollen gums develop when tartar builds up and food gets stuck between the teeth. Regularly brushing your pet’s teeth at home and getting annual cleanings at the vet can prevent tartar and gingivitis.

Proliferating gum disease occurs when the gum grows over the teeth and must be treated to avoid gum infection. An inherited condition common to boxers and bull terriers, it can be treated with antibiotics.

Mouth tumors appear as lumps in the gums. Some are malignant and must be surgically removed.

Salivary cysts look like large, fluid-filled blisters under the tongue, but can also develop near the corners of the jaw. They require drainage, and the damaged saliva gland must be removed. Canine distemper teeth can occur if a pet had distemper as a puppy. Adult teeth can appear looking eroded and can often decay. As damage is permanent, decayed teeth should be removed by a vet.

9. Chew on This

Chew toys can satisfy your pet’s natural desire to chomp, while making their teeth strong. Gnawing on a chew toy can also help massage their gums and help keep their teeth clean by scraping away soft tartar. Ask your vet to recommend toxin-free chew toys.

P.S.: Gnawing also reduces your pet’s overall stress level, prevents boredom and gives him an appropriate outlet for their natural need to chew.

10. Diet for Healthy Teeth

Ask your vet about a specially formulated dry food that can slow down the formation of plaque and tartar. Also, avoid feeding your pet table scraps, instead giving him treats that are specially formulated to keep canine teeth healthy.